Owned by the J.D. Irving Limited and created in 1994, the New Brunswick Southern Railway was formed to purchase former Canadian Pacific Railway trackage in the province of New Brunswick, Canada. The Eastern Maine Railway was formed at the same time to purchase Canadian Pacific’s trackage East of Brownville Junction, Maine within the State of Maine. Operations have been setup to run as one operation and crews and locomotives are used virtually interchangeably around the system. Since the initial start of operations in 1995, one major and two minor additions to the family have come along. The first addition came when Pan Am Railways elected to sell off its trackage around the Woodland Paper mill down to the bridge across from St. Stephen, New Brunswick. A new company, Woodland Rail LLC, purchased the trackage and this operation is run by the New Brunswick Southern as an extension of its St. Stephen Branch. After the Montreal Maine and Atlantic Railway announced it would abandon the former Bangor and Aroostook lines North of Millinocket, Maine and subsequently sold these to the State of Maine, the MM&A retained ownership of the trackage just within the state of Maine border, in order to service a paper mill in Madawaska, Maine. Eventually, MM&A sold the trackage and the Maine Northern Railway operates it. The Maine Northern Railway was formed to operate the former Bangor and Aroostook lines above Millinocket, Maine, now owned by the State of Maine. By adding the Maine Northern to the family, Irving almost tripled its rail operation mileage. With trackage rights over the Central Maine and Quebec and a new bypass track connecting the old Bangor and Aroostook main line with the former Canadian Pacific line just east of Brownville Jct, trains can now operate directly from Northern Maine to New Brunswick.